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281 US Highway #1 South, Norlina, NC 27563

Home Cockroaches

Roaches are inch-long critters that are typically brown or black with small stripes across the back. They are known for their extended antennae and their ability to survive both extreme cold and extreme heat. They leave egg sacs in dark areas and small black trails of droppings as they move. Roaches often live underneath kitchen sinks and near bathroom toilets and tubs. They can also get into food containers and make the contents permanently unusable. Roaches can carry several diseases and can also aggravate allergies.

Residents who are dealing with infestations should contact A&S Pest Control Inc.for help. Technicians can deal with any problem so that the critters are eradicated once and for all. Give us a call today for a free quote on our pest control services

Many people are repulsed and/or disgusted by the simple presence of cockroaches. However, they are also an important public health problem by contaminating food and eating utensils. Cockroaches are known to carry human pathogens, such as Salmonella and E. coli, which can result in human diseases, such as food poisoning or diarrhea. Occasionally, they will destroy fabric and paper products. In large numbers, cockroaches secrete a substance which can result in stains on surfaces they contact and produce disagreeable odors. Finally, products of cockroach infestations, including saliva, feces and cast skins, are a source of allergens and can irritate allergies and asthma in people, especially children.

The American cockroach is occasionally found in homes, although it is more common in restaurants, grocery stores, and bakeries and other sites where food is prepared. It favors very warm, moist places (temperatures in excess of 82° F). An American cockroach has a fondness for fermenting foods, e.g. bread soaked with beer. Their foraging is confined mostly to the basement and ground floor of a building unless suitable conditions exist in higher locations. Sewers and drain lines may help this pest invade new areas.

Both the adult male and female is about 1-1/2 to 2 inches long, reddish brown and possesses long wings that cover its abdomen (fig. 4). A female typically produces 9 to 10 egg cases which are deposited carefully in a crack or crevice. Eggs hatch in about 45 days with each case producing about 14 young. An immature nymph is reddish brown and wingless. A young nymph matures in as little as 215 days to as long as 400 days. The average life span for adult females is about 440 days.

The German cockroach is the most common indoor cockroach species. It favors warm, humid atmospheres, especially areas where temperatures are around 70° to 75° F. It generally inhabits kitchens and bathrooms where they are found near plumbing fixtures, in cracks or crevices in cupboards, under drawers and kitchen sinks, and similar locations. These cockroaches often cluster together in favorable hiding areas. When severe infestations occur, they may be found in other sections of buildings. German cockroaches can disperse in large numbers from areas of high population densities to infest other locations.

The adult (fig. 1) is about ½ inch long, light brown or tan, and has two dark longitudinal bands or streaks on the prothorax behind the head. This species has the highest reproductive potential of all the common pest cockroaches. Females produce about 30 to 50 eggs at a time. The female carries the egg case until the eggs are ready to hatch.

The immature nymph (fig. 1) is smaller, dark-colored with a light-colored streak running down its back. An immature nymph reaches maturity in about 40 to 125 days. Adult females live about 200 days, producing six to eight egg cases throughout their life.

The brownbanded cockroach is also be common in Mid-Atlantic homes. Individuals can be widely distributed throughout a building, particularly in high areas, hiding behind pictures and clocks, beneath furniture, among books and in other drier areas not normally infested by German cockroaches. They seek areas that are warm most of the time including appliances such as radios, televisions and refrigerators. The brownbanded cockroach prefers warmer temperatures (greater than 80° F) than the German cockroach. The two species are rarely found together.

The adult brownbanded cockroach is about ½ inch long. An adult male is golden brown and has a narrow body with its wings extending beyond the tip of its abdomen (fig. 2). A female adult is dark chestnut brown, has a teardrop-shaped body, and its wings do not completely cover the abdomen (fig. 2). Both sexes have distinctive horizontal yellow bands. The female often glues its egg case on furniture or in appliances. Eggs take about 70 days to hatch and about 160 days for the young to reach maturity. A nymph is recognized from the two pale bands which run horizontally across its body.

The Oriental cockroach prefers dark, damp places. Often called a water bug, it is commonly found in damp basements, cellars, crawl spaces, and sewers. It may also be found near drains, leaky water pipes and under refrigerators, sinks, washing machines, and floors. It prefers temperatures under 84° F. The Oriental cockroach can tolerate cool environments and people have even found it surviving freezing outdoor weather. An Oriental cockroach forages mostly on the first floors of buildings. Occasionally, this pest will thrive in the landscape immediately adjacent to structures and may enter if a disturbance occurs, such as a change in the seasons, excess rainfall, or lawn mowing. It can be found occasionally outdoors under sewer covers. It feeds on all types of garbage and other organic material. An Oriental cockroach produces a strong smell and is considered one of the dirtiest of all the cockroaches.

An adult Oriental cockroach is about 1 to 1-1/4 inches long and dark brown, almost black. A male has fully developed wings which are shorter than the body. A female has very short, rudimentary wings (fig. 3). A nymph is similar in appearance to a female only it is smaller and wingless. A female deposits an average of eight egg cases during its lifetime; each capsule produces about 16 young. It takes 300 to 800 days, depending on conditions, for Oriental cockroaches to hatch from eggs and develop into adults.

All roach infestations could become hazards to your health, home and business. Call A&S the roach and pest professional for a free home or business inspection

cockroaches are known to cause allergic reactions and trigger asthma attacks. They spread nearly 33 kinds of bacteria including E. coli and Salmonella.